International Forest, & Environmental Development

Forêt Internationale, et Développement Environnemental

MFE 404: Environment, climate change and REDD +

Course Details

Country: Ghana
Eco geographic and tourist presentation

Ghana is a country located in the center of the west coast, in the west part of Africa, bounded
to the west by Ivory Coast, to the north by Burkina Faso, to the east by Togo and to the south
by the Atlantic Ocean. A former British colony on the Gold Coast, Ghana was the first country in
black Africa to gain independence in 1957, led by pan-Africanist Kwame Nkrumah.

Ghana covers five ecological zones which are the Sudanese savannah, the Guinean savannah,
the forest-savannah transition, the forest and coastal savannah. The first three are the most prone
to desertification. Plant cover includes pastures, shrub and tree savannah, semi-deciduous forest,
and finally mangroves along the coast. The Keta Lagoon complex (in the Volta Region) and the
Songor lagoon are among the RAMSAR sites found in Ghana. With more than 5% of Ghana’s
land officially protected by 16 national parks and conservation areas (Monkey sanctuary), the
country is an ideal destination for nature lovers to observe a multitude of bird and other wildlife
species. Ghana has become a pioneer in community eco-tourism. Tourism is Ghana’s fastest
growing industry and the third largest source of foreign exchange behind gold and cocoa.
According to the rural Ghana travel and ecotourism office, tourism grows by around 15% per
year in Ghana. Ghana, with its political stability and low crime rate is one of the safest places
to visit in Africa. The capital Accra is home to many sites that have marked the history of slavery
in Africa and is therefore a must-see cultural tourist destination. Kakum National Park, a tropical
forest area located 176 km from Accra, has an air passage that allows the visitor to observe
nature from the canopy. There are also many animals such as elephants, monkeys, antelopes,
etc. The Mole National Park, located 686 km from Accra in the savannah area allows you to
visit animals such as buffalos, monkeys, antelopes, lions and elephants.

Educational objectives and articulations

The objective of this module is to allow nature lovers to discover Ghana by visiting ecotourism
sites. Participants will also familiarize themselves with the challenges of climate change and the
reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) in Ghana. The
articulations of this module include:

✓ Biophysical presentation of Ghana;
✓ Environmental, climate change and REDD + issues and challenges in Ghana;
✓ Visits of natural parks, ecological and ecotourism sites;
✓ Meeting with stakeholders of sustainable management and the national REDD+ strategy;
✓ Visit land degradation and natural resources sites;
✓ Visits of local communities to discover local cultural practices;
✓ Visits fort such as Elmina to discover the remains of the slave trade.

Register Online!

Click the map to interact