International Forest, & Environmental Development
Protected areas are locations that receive protection because of their recognised natural, ecological and/or cultural values. There are several kinds of protected areas, which vary by level of protection. There are over 161,000 protected areas in the world representing between 10 and 15 percent of the world’s land surface area. Protected areas are essential for biodiversity conservation. They are the cornerstones of virtually all national and international conservation strategies. These areas maintain natural ecosystems, act as refuges for species and maintain ecological processes that cannot survive in most intensely managed landscapes and seascapes. Protected areas represent today the one of the most important hope that the world has for stopping many threatened or endangered species from becoming extinct.
Protected area management: Feasibility studies / protected area management planning, stakeholder analysis, preparation and implementation of field surveys and socio-economic assessments, identification of key biodiversity areas and conservation priorities, development of conservation objectives and measures, participatory land use mapping and planning, delimitation and zoning of protected areas, buffer zones and ecological corridors, environmental and social impact assessment, conflict management, promotion of transparent land tenure and ownership rights, initiation and maintenance of cooperative relationships, assessment of project impacts and risks.
Biodiversity conservation and management: Habitat protection; wildlife management; wetland, coastal and mangroves management; adaptive management practices; inventory; applied research and monitoring of fauna and flora.